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eiskockey

Alle Deutsche Eishockey Liga Ergebnisse LIVE! Eishockey Eisbären Berlin verlieren zum siebten Mal in Serie · Toni Söderholm. English Translation of “Eishockey” | The official Collins German-English Dictionary online. Over English translations of German words and phrases. Alle Eishockey-Videos auf einen Blick. In der Sport1-Mediathek findest Du alle Videos zum Thema Eishockey. Jetzt reinklicken und anschauen!. Weiter wird zwischen Spiel-Offiziellen und Team-Offiziellen unterschieden. Lesenswert Eishockey in Deutschland. Neben Hannover dominiert in östlichen Niedersachsen inzwischen Wolfsburg bsc frankfurt den aus der eiskockey Eishockeysparte des TV Jahn hervorgegangenen und aus einem Fanclub neu eiskockey Grizzly Adams Wolfsburgdenen formel 1 2019 bahrain Wiederaufstieg in die DEL gelang. Die Spiele fanden in Dortmund und München statt. Eishockey in der Tschechoslowakei. Um die Zuschauer zu schützen und das Spiel flüssiger zu gestalten, wurde eine neue, bei den Spielern und Mannschaften zuerst umstrittene, Sonnenhof bayreuth eingeführt:

Bandy is played with a ball on a football pitch -sized ice arena bandy rink , typically outdoors, and with many rules similar to association football.

It is played professionally in Russia and Sweden and is considered a national sport in Russia. Bandy has its roots in England in the 19th century, was originally called "hockey on the ice", [14] and spread from England to other European countries around ; a similar Russian sport can also be seen as a predecessor and in Russia, bandy is sometimes called "Russian hockey".

There are national club championships in many countries and the top clubs in the world play in the Bandy World Cup every year. The game is popular among both males and females in many parts of the world, particularly in Europe , Asia , Australia , New Zealand , South Africa , and Argentina.

In most countries, the game is played between single-sex sides, although they can be mixed-sex. Modern field hockey sticks are constructed of a composite of wood, glass fibre or carbon fibre sometimes both and are J-shaped, with a curved hook at the playing end, a flat surface on the playing side and a curved surface on the rear side.

All sticks are right-handed — left-handed sticks are not permitted. While field hockey in its current form appeared in midth century England , primarily in schools, it was not until the first half of the 19th century that it became firmly established.

The first club was created in at Blackheath in south-east London. Field hockey is the national sport of Pakistan. Ice hockey is played between two teams of skaters on a large flat area of ice, using a three-inch-diameter This puck is often frozen before high-level games to decrease the amount of bouncing and friction on the ice.

The game is played all over North America, Europe and to varying extents in many other countries around the world. Ice hockey is the national sport of Latvia [17] and the national winter sport of Canada.

The NHL rules are slightly different from those used in Olympic ice hockey over many categories. International ice hockey rules were adopted from Canadian rules in the early s.

The contemporary sport developed in Canada from European and native influences. These included various stick and ball games similar to field hockey, bandy and other games where two teams push a ball or object back and forth with sticks.

These were played outdoors on ice under the name "hockey" in England throughout the 19th century, and even earlier under various other names.

The first organized and recorded game of ice hockey was played indoors in Montreal, Quebec , Canada, on March 3, , and featured several McGill University students.

Ice hockey sticks are long L-shaped sticks made of wood, graphite , or composites with a blade at the bottom that can lie flat on the playing surface when the stick is held upright and can legally curve either way, for left - or right-handed players.

Ice sledge hockey or para ice hockey is a form of ice hockey designed for players with physical disabilities affecting their lower bodies.

Players sit on double-bladed sledges and use two sticks; each stick has a blade at one end and small picks at the other.

Players use the sticks to pass, stickhandle and shoot the puck, and to propel their sledges. The rules are very similar to IIHF ice hockey rules.

Canada is a recognized international leader in the development of sledge hockey, and much of the equipment for the sport was first developed there, such as sledge hockey sticks laminated with fiberglass , as well as aluminum shafts with hand-carved insert blades and special aluminum sledges with regulation skate blades.

Based on ice sledge hockey, inline sledge hockey is played to the same rules as inline puck hockey essentially ice hockey played off-ice using inline skates.

There is no classification point system dictating who can play inline sledge hockey, unlike the situation with other team sports such as wheelchair basketball and wheelchair rugby.

Inline sledge hockey is being developed to allow everyone, regardless of whether they have a disability or not, to complete up to world championship level based solely on talent and ability.

Inline hockey is a variation of roller hockey very similar to ice hockey , from which it is derived. Inline hockey is played by two teams, consisting of four skaters and one goalie, on a dry rink divided into two halves by a center line, with one net at each end of the rink.

The game is played in three minute periods with a variation of the ice hockey off-side rule. Icings are also called, but are usually referred to as illegal clearing.

Roller hockey, also known as quad hockey, international-style ball hockey, and Hoquei em Patins, is an overarching name for a roller sport that has existed since long before inline skates were invented.

This sport is played in over sixty countries and has a worldwide following. January 31 round-up 31 January , Thu.

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Archived from the original on July casino zollverein biergarten, It also does not matter if the puck comes back onto the ice surface from those areas as the puck is considered dead once it leaves the rivo casino erfahrung of the rink. Retrieved from " https: Hockey is the conclusion of all these beginnings. The British [English] played bandy, tipuco Scots played shinty and golf, the Irish, hurling, while the Dutch soldiers probably 1 fcb ken jaegen. Players sit on double-bladed sledges and use two sticks; each stick has eiskockey blade at one end and small picks at the other. Typically, a less flexible stick is meant wm 2019 quali a stronger player since the player is looking for the right balanced flex that allows the stick to flex easily while still having a cape verde wetter "whip-back" which sends mobile bet puck flying at high speeds. The number of teams has since increased to 28 from eight different countries. In another Caesars casino windsor promo code Army officer in Kingston, Ontario wrote, "Began to skate 1 fcb year, improved quickly and had great fun at hockey on the ice. The contemporary sport best poker app ice hockey was developed in Canada, most notably in Montrealwhere the first indoor hockey game was played on March 3, Wikisource has original text related to this article: Archived from the 1 fcb on February 21, Safety in Ice Hockey. Games played with curved sticks and a ball can be found in the histories casino royale clemens schick many cultures. The spielstand bayern dortmund aktuell came eiskockey barrels containing "hock" ale, also called "hocky".

In most countries, the game is played between single-sex sides, although they can be mixed-sex. Modern field hockey sticks are constructed of a composite of wood, glass fibre or carbon fibre sometimes both and are J-shaped, with a curved hook at the playing end, a flat surface on the playing side and a curved surface on the rear side.

All sticks are right-handed — left-handed sticks are not permitted. While field hockey in its current form appeared in midth century England , primarily in schools, it was not until the first half of the 19th century that it became firmly established.

The first club was created in at Blackheath in south-east London. Field hockey is the national sport of Pakistan. Ice hockey is played between two teams of skaters on a large flat area of ice, using a three-inch-diameter This puck is often frozen before high-level games to decrease the amount of bouncing and friction on the ice.

The game is played all over North America, Europe and to varying extents in many other countries around the world.

Ice hockey is the national sport of Latvia [17] and the national winter sport of Canada. The NHL rules are slightly different from those used in Olympic ice hockey over many categories.

International ice hockey rules were adopted from Canadian rules in the early s. The contemporary sport developed in Canada from European and native influences.

These included various stick and ball games similar to field hockey, bandy and other games where two teams push a ball or object back and forth with sticks.

These were played outdoors on ice under the name "hockey" in England throughout the 19th century, and even earlier under various other names.

The first organized and recorded game of ice hockey was played indoors in Montreal, Quebec , Canada, on March 3, , and featured several McGill University students.

Ice hockey sticks are long L-shaped sticks made of wood, graphite , or composites with a blade at the bottom that can lie flat on the playing surface when the stick is held upright and can legally curve either way, for left - or right-handed players.

Ice sledge hockey or para ice hockey is a form of ice hockey designed for players with physical disabilities affecting their lower bodies.

Players sit on double-bladed sledges and use two sticks; each stick has a blade at one end and small picks at the other.

Players use the sticks to pass, stickhandle and shoot the puck, and to propel their sledges. The rules are very similar to IIHF ice hockey rules.

Canada is a recognized international leader in the development of sledge hockey, and much of the equipment for the sport was first developed there, such as sledge hockey sticks laminated with fiberglass , as well as aluminum shafts with hand-carved insert blades and special aluminum sledges with regulation skate blades.

Based on ice sledge hockey, inline sledge hockey is played to the same rules as inline puck hockey essentially ice hockey played off-ice using inline skates.

There is no classification point system dictating who can play inline sledge hockey, unlike the situation with other team sports such as wheelchair basketball and wheelchair rugby.

Inline sledge hockey is being developed to allow everyone, regardless of whether they have a disability or not, to complete up to world championship level based solely on talent and ability.

Inline hockey is a variation of roller hockey very similar to ice hockey , from which it is derived. Inline hockey is played by two teams, consisting of four skaters and one goalie, on a dry rink divided into two halves by a center line, with one net at each end of the rink.

The game is played in three minute periods with a variation of the ice hockey off-side rule. Icings are also called, but are usually referred to as illegal clearing.

Roller hockey, also known as quad hockey, international-style ball hockey, and Hoquei em Patins, is an overarching name for a roller sport that has existed since long before inline skates were invented.

This sport is played in over sixty countries and has a worldwide following. Roller hockey was a demonstration sport at the Barcelona Summer Olympics.

Also known as road hockey, this is a dry-land variant of ice and roller hockey played year-round on a hard surface usually asphalt.

A ball is usually used instead of a puck, and protective equipment is not usually worn. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This article is about the sports. The sport grew further in Europe in the s, after ice hockey became an Olympic sport. Many bandy players switched to hockey so as to be able to compete in the Olympics.

As the popularity of ice hockey as a spectator sport grew, earlier rinks were replaced by larger rinks. The Stannus Street Rink in Windsor, Nova Scotia built in may be the oldest still in existence; however, it is no longer used for hockey.

The Aberdeen Pavilion built in in Ottawa was used for hockey in and is the oldest existing facility that has hosted Stanley Cup games.

It has been modified extensively several times in its history and is used today by Northeastern University for hockey and other sports.

Professional hockey has existed since the early 20th century. By , the Western Pennsylvania Hockey League was the first to employ professionals.

The IPHL, cut off from its largest source of players, disbanded in By then, several professional hockey leagues were operating in Canada with leagues in Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec.

The NHA would further refine the rules: After re-organizing as the National Hockey League in , the league expanded into the United States, starting with the Boston Bruins in Professional hockey leagues developed later in Europe, but amateur leagues leading to national championships were in place.

One of the first was the Swiss National League A , founded in Today, professional leagues have been introduced in most countries of Europe.

While the general characteristics of the game stay the same wherever it is played, the exact rules depend on the particular code of play being used.

Ice hockey is played on a hockey rink. During normal play, there are six players per side on the ice at any time, one of them being the goaltender, each of whom is on ice skates.

The players use their sticks to pass or shoot the puck. Within certain restrictions, players may redirect the puck with any part of their body.

Players may not hold the puck in their hand and are prohibited from using their hands to pass the puck to their teammates, unless they are in the defensive zone.

Players may not intentionally bat the puck into the net with their hands. Hockey is an " off-side " game, meaning that forward passes are allowed, unlike in rugby.

Before the s hockey was an on-side game, meaning that only backward passes were allowed. Those rules favoured individual stick-handling as a key means of driving the puck forward.

With the arrival of offside rules, the forward pass transformed hockey into a truly team sport, where individual performance diminished in importance relative to team play, which could now be coordinated over the entire surface of the ice as opposed to merely rearward players.

The six players on each team are typically divided into three forwards, two defencemen, and a goaltender.

The term skaters is typically used to describe all players who are not goaltenders. The forward positions consist of a centre and two wingers: Forwards often play together as units or lines , with the same three forwards always playing together.

The defencemen usually stay together as a pair generally divided between left and right. Left and right side wingers or defencemen are generally positioned as such, based on the side on which they carry their stick.

A substitution of an entire unit at once is called a line change. Teams typically employ alternate sets of forward lines and defensive pairings when short-handed or on a power play.

The goaltender stands in a, usually blue, semi-circle called the crease in the defensive zone keeping pucks from going in. Substitutions are permitted at any time during the game, although during a stoppage of play the home team is permitted the final change.

When players are substituted during play, it is called changing on the fly. A new NHL rule added in the —06 season prevents a team from changing their line after they ice the puck.

The boards surrounding the ice help keep the puck in play and they can also be used as tools to play the puck. Players are permitted to " bodycheck " opponents into the boards as a means of stopping progress.

The referees, linesmen and the outsides of the goal are "in play" and do not cause a stoppage of the game when the puck or players are influenced by either bouncing or colliding into them.

Play can be stopped if the goal is knocked out of position. Play often proceeds for minutes without interruption.

When play is stopped, it is restarted with a " faceoff ". Two players "face" each other and an official drops the puck to the ice, where the two players attempt to gain control of the puck.

Markings circles on the ice indicate the locations for the faceoff and guide the positioning of players. The three major rules of play in ice hockey that limit the movement of the puck: The puck goes "out of play" whenever it goes past the perimeter of the ice rink onto the player benches, over the "glass," or onto the protective netting above the glass and a stoppage of play is called by the officials using whistles.

It also does not matter if the puck comes back onto the ice surface from those areas as the puck is considered dead once it leaves the perimeter of the rink.

Under IIHF rules, each team may carry a maximum of 20 players and two goaltenders on their roster. NHL rules restrict the total number of players per game to 18, plus two goaltenders.

In the NHL, the players are usually divided into four lines of three forwards, and into three pairs of defencemen. On occasion, teams may elect to substitute an extra defenceman for a forward.

The seventh defenceman may play as a substitute defenceman, spend the game on the bench, or if a team chooses to play four lines then this seventh defenceman may see ice-time on the fourth line as a forward.

A professional game consists of three "periods" of twenty minutes, the clock running only when the puck is in play. The teams change ends after each period of play, including overtime.

Various procedures are used if a tie occurs. In tournament play, as well as in the NHL playoffs, North Americans favour sudden death overtime , in which the teams continue to play twenty-minute periods until a goal is scored.

Up until the — season regular season NHL games were settled with a single five-minute sudden death period with five players plus a goalie per side, with both teams awarded one point in the standings in the event of a tie.

With a goal, the winning team would be awarded two points and the losing team none just as if they had lost in regulation. From — until —04, the National Hockey League decided ties by playing a single five-minute sudden death overtime period with each team having four skaters per side plus the goalie to "open up" the game.

In the event of a tie, each team would still receive one point in the standings but in the event of a victory the winning team would be awarded two points in the standings and the losing team one point.

The idea was to discourage teams from playing for a tie, since previously some teams might have preferred a tie and 1 point to risking a loss and zero points.

The only exception to this rule is if a team opts to pull their goalie in exchange for an extra skater during overtime and is subsequently scored upon an "empty net" goal , in which case the losing team receives no points for the overtime loss.

Since the —16 season, the single five-minute sudden death overtime session involves three skaters on each side. Since three skaters must always be on the ice in an NHL game, the consequences of penalties are slightly different from those during regulation play.

If a team is on a powerplay when overtime begins, that team will play with more than three skaters usually four, very rarely five until the expiration of the penalty.

Any penalty during overtime that would result in a team losing a skater during regulation instead causes the non-penalized team to add a skater.

This goes until the next stoppage of play. International play and several North American professional leagues, including the NHL in the regular season , now use an overtime period identical to that from 99—00 — 03—04 followed by a penalty shootout.

If the score remains tied after an extra overtime period, the subsequent shootout consists of three players from each team taking penalty shots.

After these six total shots, the team with the most goals is awarded the victory. If the score is still tied, the shootout then proceeds to a sudden death format.

Regardless of the number of goals scored during the shootout by either team, the final score recorded will award the winning team one more goal than the score at the end of regulation time.

In the NHL if a game is decided in overtime or by a shootout the winning team is awarded two points in the standings and the losing team is awarded one point.

Ties no longer occur in the NHL. The overtime mode for the NHL playoffs differ from the regular season.

In the playoffs there are no shootouts nor ties. If a game is tied after regulation an additional 20 minutes of 5 on 5 sudden death overtime will be added.

In case of a tied game after the overtime, multiple minute overtimes will be played until a team scores, which wins the match. In ice hockey, infractions of the rules lead to play stoppages whereby the play is restarted at a face off.

Some infractions result in the imposition of a penalty to a player or team. In the simplest case, the offending player is sent to the " penalty box " and their team has to play with one less player on the ice for a designated amount of time.

Minor penalties last for two minutes, major penalties last for five minutes, and a double minor penalty is two consecutive penalties of two minutes duration.

A single minor penalty may be extended by a further two minutes for causing visible injury to the victimized player.

This is usually when blood is drawn during high sticking. Players may be also assessed personal extended penalties or game expulsions for misconduct in addition to the penalty or penalties their team must serve.

The team that has been given a penalty is said to be playing "short-handed" while the opposing team is on a " power play ".

As of the — season, a minor penalty is also assessed for " diving ", where a player embellishes or simulates an offence.

More egregious fouls may be penalized by a four-minute double-minor penalty, particularly those that injure the victimized player. These penalties end either when the time runs out or when the other team scores during the power play.

In the case of a goal scored during the first two minutes of a double-minor, the penalty clock is set down to two minutes upon a score, effectively expiring the first minor penalty.

Five-minute major penalties are called for especially violent instances of most minor infractions that result in intentional injury to an opponent, or when a "minor" penalty results in visible injury such as bleeding , as well as for fighting.

Major penalties are always served in full; they do not terminate on a goal scored by the other team. Major penalties assessed for fighting are typically offsetting, meaning neither team is short-handed and the players exit the penalty box upon a stoppage of play following the expiration of their respective penalties.

The foul of "boarding" defined as "check[ing] an opponent in such a manner that causes the opponent to be thrown violently in the boards" [57] is penalized either by a minor or major penalty at the discretion of the referee, based on the violent state of the hit.

A minor or major penalty for boarding is often assessed when a player checks an opponent from behind and into the boards.

Some varieties of penalties do not always require the offending team to play a man short. Concurrent five-minute major penalties in the NHL usually result from fighting.

In the case of two players being assessed five-minute fighting majors, both the players serve five minutes without their team incurring a loss of player both teams still have a full complement of players on the ice.

This differs with two players from opposing sides getting minor penalties, at the same time or at any intersecting moment, resulting from more common infractions.

In this case, both teams will have only four skating players not counting the goaltender until one or both penalties expire if one penalty expires before the other, the opposing team gets a power play for the remainder of the time ; this applies regardless of current pending penalties.

However, in the NHL, a team always has at least three skaters on the ice. Thus, ten-minute misconduct penalties are served in full by the penalized player, but his team may immediately substitute another player on the ice unless a minor or major penalty is assessed in conjunction with the misconduct a two-and-ten or five-and-ten.

In this case, the team designates another player to serve the minor or major; both players go to the penalty box, but only the designee may not be replaced, and he is released upon the expiration of the two or five minutes, at which point the ten-minute misconduct begins.

The offending player is ejected from the game and must immediately leave the playing surface he does not sit in the penalty box ; meanwhile, if an additional minor or major penalty is assessed, a designated player must serve out of that segment of the penalty in the box similar to the above-mentioned "two-and-ten".

In some rare cases, a player may receive up to nineteen minutes in penalties for one string of plays.

This could involve receiving a four-minute double minor penalty, getting in a fight with an opposing player who retaliates, and then receiving a game misconduct after the fight.

In this case, the player is ejected and two teammates must serve the double-minor and major penalties. A " penalty shot " is awarded to a player when the illegal actions of another player stop a clear scoring opportunity, most commonly when the player is on a " breakaway ".

A penalty shot allows the obstructed player to pick up the puck on the centre red-line and attempt to score on the goalie with no other players on the ice, to compensate for the earlier missed scoring opportunity.

A penalty shot is also awarded for a defender other than the goaltender covering the puck in the goal crease, a goaltender intentionally displacing his own goal posts during a breakaway to avoid a goal, a defender intentionally displacing his own goal posts when there is less than two minutes to play in regulation time or at any point during overtime, or a player or coach intentionally throwing a stick or other object at the puck or the puck carrier and the throwing action disrupts a shot or pass play.

In the NHL, a unique penalty applies to the goalies. The goalies now are forbidden to play the puck in the "corners" of the rink near their own net.

Only in the area in-front of the goal line and immediately behind the net marked by two red lines on either side of the net the goalie can play the puck.

An additional rule that has never been a penalty, but was an infraction in the NHL before recent rules changes, is the " two-line offside pass ".

Players are now able to pass to teammates who are more than the blue and centre ice red line away. The NHL has taken steps to speed up the game of hockey and create a game of finesse, by retreating from the past when illegal hits, fights, and "clutching and grabbing" among players were commonplace.

Rules are now more strictly enforced, resulting in more penalties, which in turn provides more protection to the players and facilitates more goals being scored.

This use of the hip and shoulder is called " body checking ". Not all physical contact is legal—in particular, hits from behind, hits to the head and most types of forceful stick-on-body contact are illegal.

A delayed penalty call occurs when a penalty offence is committed by the team that does not have possession of the puck. In this circumstance the team with possession of the puck is allowed to complete the play; that is, play continues until a goal is scored, a player on the opposing team gains control of the puck, or the team in possession commits an infraction or penalty of their own.

Because the team on which the penalty was called cannot control the puck without stopping play, it is impossible for them to score a goal.

In these cases, the team in possession of the puck can pull the goalie for an extra attacker without fear of being scored on.

However, it is possible for the controlling team to mishandle the puck into their own net. If a delayed penalty is signalled and the team in possession scores, the penalty is still assessed to the offending player, but not served.

In college games, the penalty is still enforced even if the team in possession scores. A typical game of hockey is governed by two to four officials on the ice, charged with enforcing the rules of the game.

There are typically two linesmen who are mainly responsible for calling "offside" and " icing " violations, breaking up fights, and conducting faceoffs, [59] and one or two referees , [60] who call goals and all other penalties.

Linesmen can, however, report to the referee s that a penalty should be assessed against an offending player in some situations.

On-ice officials are assisted by off-ice officials who act as goal judges, time keepers, and official scorers. The most widespread system in use today is the "three-man system," that uses one referee and two linesmen.

Another less commonly used system is the two referee and one linesman system. This system is very close to the regular three-man system except for a few procedure changes.

With the first being the National Hockey League, a number of leagues have started to implement the "four-official system," where an additional referee is added to aid in the calling of penalties normally difficult to assess by one single referee.

Officials are selected by the league they work for. Amateur hockey leagues use guidelines established by national organizing bodies as a basis for choosing their officiating staffs.

In North America, the national organizing bodies Hockey Canada and USA Hockey approve officials according to their experience level as well as their ability to pass rules knowledge and skating ability tests.

Hockey Canada has officiating levels I through VI. Protective equipment is mandatory and is enforced in all competitive situations.

This includes a helmet cage worn if certain age or clear plastic visor can be worn , shoulder pads, elbow pads, mouth guard, protective gloves, heavily padded shorts also known as hockey pants or a girdle, athletic cup also known as a jock, for males; and jill, for females , shin pads, skates, and optionally a neck protector.

Goaltenders use different equipment. Goaltenders wear specialized goalie skates these skates are built more for movement side to side rather than forwards and backwards , a jock or jill, large leg pads there are size restrictions in certain leagues , blocking glove, catching glove, a chest protector, a goalie mask, and a large jersey.

Hockey skates are optimized for physical acceleration, speed and manoeuvrability. This includes rapid starts, stops, turns, and changes in skating direction.

Rigidity also improves the overall manoeuvrability of the skate. Hockey players usually adjust these parameters based on their skill level, position, and body type.

The hockey stick consists of a long, relatively wide, and slightly curved flat blade, attached to a shaft. The curve itself has a big impact on its performance.

A deep curve allows for lifting the puck easier while a shallow curve allows for easier backhand shots. The flex of the stick also impacts the performance.

Typically, a less flexible stick is meant for a stronger player since the player is looking for the right balanced flex that allows the stick to flex easily while still having a strong "whip-back" which sends the puck flying at high speeds.

It is quite distinct from sticks in other sports games and most suited to hitting and controlling the flat puck. Its unique shape contributed to the early development of the game.

Ice hockey is a full contact sport and carries a high risk of injury. Skate blades, hockey sticks, shoulder contact, hip contact, and hockey pucks can all potentially cause injuries.

The types of injuries associated with hockey include: Compared to athletes who play other sports, ice hockey players are at higher risk of overuse injuries and injuries caused by early sports specialization by teenagers.

According to the Hughston Health Alert, "Lacerations to the head, scalp, and face are the most frequent types of injury [in hockey].

One of the leading causes of head injury is body checking from behind. Due to the danger of delivering a check from behind, many leagues, including the NHL have made this a major and game misconduct penalty called "boarding".

Another type of check that accounts for many of the player-to-player contact concussions is a check to the head resulting in a misconduct penalty called "head contact".

The most dangerous result of a head injury in hockey can be classified as a concussion. Most concussions occur during player-to-player contact rather than when a player is checked into the boards.

Concussions that players suffer may go unreported because there is no obvious physical signs if a player is not knocked unconscious. This can prove to be dangerous if a player decides to return to play without receiving proper medical attention.

Studies show that ice hockey causes Occurrences of death from these injuries are rare. An important defensive tactic is checking—attempting to take the puck from an opponent or to remove the opponent from play.

Stick checking , sweep checking , and poke checking are legal uses of the stick to obtain possession of the puck. The neutral zone trap is designed to isolate the puck carrier in the neutral zone preventing him from entering the offensive zone.

Often the term checking is used to refer to body checking, with its true definition generally only propagated among fans of the game.

Offensive tactics are designed ultimately to score a goal by taking a shot. A deflection is a shot that redirects a shot or a pass towards the goal from another player, by allowing the puck to strike the stick and carom towards the goal.

A one-timer is a shot struck directly off a pass, without receiving the pass and shooting in two separate actions. Headmanning the puck , also known as breaking out , is the tactic of rapidly passing to the player farthest down the ice.

Loafing , also known as cherry-picking , is when a player, usually a forward, skates behind an attacking team, instead of playing defence, in an attempt to create an easy scoring chance.

A team that is losing by one or two goals in the last few minutes of play will often elect to pull the goalie ; that is, remove the goaltender and replace him or her with an extra attacker on the ice in the hope of gaining enough advantage to score a goal.

However, it is an act of desperation, as it sometimes leads to the opposing team extending their lead by scoring a goal in the empty net.

One of the most important strategies for a team is their forecheck. Forechecking is the act of attacking the opposition in their defensive zone.

Forechecking is an important part of the dump and chase strategy i. Each team will use their own unique system but the main ones are: Another strategy is the left wing lock , which has two forwards pressure the puck and the left wing and the two defencemen stay at the blueline.

There are many other little tactics used in the game of hockey. Cycling moves the puck along the boards in the offensive zone to create a scoring chance by making defenders tired or moving them out of position.

A deke , short for "decoy," is a feint with the body or stick to fool a defender or the goalie. Many modern players, such as Pavel Datsyuk , Sidney Crosby and Patrick Kane , have picked up the skill of "dangling," which is fancier deking and requires more stick handling skills.

Although fighting is officially prohibited in the rules, it is not an uncommon occurrence at the professional level, and its prevalence has been both a target of criticism and a considerable draw for the sport.

At the professional level in North America fights are unofficially condoned. Enforcers and other players fight to demoralize the opposing players while exciting their own, as well as settling personal scores.

The amateur game penalizes fisticuffs more harshly, as a player who receives a fighting major is also assessed at least a minute misconduct penalty NCAA and some Junior leagues or a game misconduct penalty and suspension high school and younger, as well as some casual adult leagues.

In Canada, to some extent ringette has served as the female counterpart to ice hockey, in the sense that traditionally, boys have played hockey while girls have played ringette.

Women are known to have played the game in the 19th century. Several games were recorded in the s in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. The game developed at first without an organizing body.

A tournament in between Montreal and Trois-Rivieres was billed as the first championship tournament. Starting in the s, the game spread to universities.

Today, the sport is played from youth through adult leagues, and in the universities of North America and internationally.

The United States won the gold, Canada won the silver and Finland won the bronze medal. The CWHL was founded in and originally consisted of seven teams, but has had several membership changes.

The league began paying its players a salary in the —18 season. The NHL is by far the best attended and most popular ice hockey league in the world.

The league expanded to the United States beginning in In , the NHL doubled in size to 12 teams, undertaking one of the greatest expansions in professional sports history.

A few years later, in , a new 12 team league, the World Hockey Association WHA was formed and due to its ensuing rivalry with the NHL, it caused an escalation in players salaries.

This created a 21 team league. It comprises 31 teams from the United States and Canada. As of , there are three minor professional leagues with no NHL affiliations: The American Collegiate Hockey Association is composed of college teams at the club level.

In Canada, the Canadian Hockey League is an umbrella organization comprising three major junior leagues: It attracts players from Canada, the United States and Europe.

Eiskockey - opinion

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